With the creation of the Nam Gnouang Reservoir around 4,000 people have been resettled into custom-built communities in new and existing villages. Twelve villages have moved to their new homes since the first households resettled in 2009.The THPC resettlement policy ensures that these people receive immediate benefits in terms of housing, facilities and services. The challenge for the company and the villagers is to ensure that these new opportunities are translated into better livelihoods and living standards in the long term.
Resettlement facilities include:
• Quality new houses with electricity, toilets and water supply
• New schools and clinics
• All-weather roads
• Land for farming and other activities
• Tools and equipment
The resettlement program also provides technical support in agriculture and other fields to help people adjust to their new environments, and is designed to run for several years until households have achieved income targets. These targets are set at 25-40% above pre-resettlement levels to ensure that people are receiving benefits from the project.
In addition the resettlement package included cash compensation for various disturbances and losses, guaranteed access to communal forests, pastures, rivers and fisheries, and replacement of cultural assets such as temples and shrines. With a diverse resettlement population, the package had to be flexible according to each household's situation. Full details are available in the Resettlement Action Plan, available on this website.
Resettlement villages feature better quality housing than in the old villages....
...and also offer new schools and facilities